Compute number of distinct values in an array.

Task description

Write a function

function solution(A);

that, given an array A consisting of N integers, returns the number of distinct values in array A.

For example, given array A consisting of six elements such that: A[0] = 2 A[1] = 1 A[2] = 1 A[3] = 2 A[4] = 3 A[5] = 1

the function should return 3, because there are 3 distinct values appearing in array A, namely 1, 2 and 3.

Write an efficient algorithm for the following assumptions:

  • N is an integer within the range [0..100,000];
  • each element of array A is an integer within the range [−1,000,000..1,000,000].

Compute the number of intersections in a sequence of discs.

N voracious fish are moving along a river. Calculate how many fish are alive.

BinaryGap : Find longest sequence of zeros in binary representation

function solution(A) {
    // write your code in JavaScript (Node.js 4.0.0)
    
    if(A.length === 0) {
        return 0;
    } else if(A.length === 1) {
        return 1;
    }
    
    A.sort(function(a, b) {
        return a-b;
    });
    
    var i=0;
    var counter = 1;
    
    for(i=1; i<A.length; i++) {
        if(A[i] !== A[i-1]) {
            counter++;
        }
    }
    
    return counter;
}

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